Blonde blue eyed origin-Blond hair originated during the last Ice Age, some 11, years ago

Everyone with blue eyes alive today — from Angelina Jolie to Wayne Rooney — can trace their ancestry back to one person who probably lived about 10, years ago in the Black Sea region, a study has found. Scientists studying the genetics of eye colour have discovered that more than This indicates that the mutation originated in just one person who became the ancestor of all subsequent people in the world with blue eyes, according to a study by Professor Hans Eiberg and colleagues at the University of Copenhagen. The scientists are not sure when the mutation occurred but other evidence suggested it probably arose about 10, years ago when there was a rapid expansion of the human population in Europe as a result of the spread of agriculture from the Middle East. Professor Eiberg said that brown is the "default" colour for human eyes which results from a build-up of the dark skin pigment, melanin.

Blonde blue eyed origin

Blonde blue eyed origin

Blonde blue eyed origin

Blonde blue eyed origin

Blonde blue eyed origin

Subscribe to Blur Premium to bookmark this article Want to bookmark your favourite articles and stories to read or reference later? Views Read View source View history. Blond hair is most commonly associated with the peoples of Northern Europe. Tech news. An iris with a lot of melanin absorbs light, making it appear darker. We generally talk about different traits as independent.

Super moms. A Handy Guide to Ancestry and Relationship DNA Tests

Has that been mapped yet? Were They Possibly Denisovan Hybrids? I'm blonde headed, blue eyes, and fair skin. June [draft editions]. Because of blond hair's relative commonness in northern Europe, especially among children, folk tales from these regions tend to feature large numbers fyed blond protagonists. Blond hair is often seen in these groups, whereas the indigenous peoples are more likely to be dark haired. Alvarez I have blue eyes, my mother has gray eyes my father had brown eyes. This is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons. The ones with the blonde hair and blue eyes all Blomde to the European regions and the other blacks moved orihin diffrrent parts of the world. We may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service. This is used for Kissable kaydin bikini registered author who enrolls Blonde blue eyed origin the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. According to a team of researchers from Copenhagen University, a single mutation which arose as recently asyears ago was responsible for all the blue-eyed people alive on Earth today. Another one of the oldest documented civilizations, credited with having the first writing, schools, courts, and many other "firsts" Blonde blue eyed origin the ancient Sumerians of Mesopotamia.

Residents of the Solomon Islands in the Pacific have some of the darkest skin seen outside of Africa.

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Blond or fair hair is a hair color characterized by low levels of the dark pigment eumelanin. The resultant visible hue depends on various factors, but always has some yellowish color. The color can be from the very pale blond caused by a patchy, scarce distribution of pigment to reddish "strawberry" blond or golden-brownish "sandy" blond colors the latter with more eumelanin.

Because hair color tends to darken with age, natural blond hair is significantly less common in adulthood. Naturally-occurring blond hair is primarily found in populations of northern European descent and is believed to have evolved to enable more efficient synthesis of vitamin D , due to northern Europe's lower levels of sunlight.

Blond hair has also developed in other populations, although it is usually not as common, and can be found among natives of the Solomon Islands , Vanuatu , and Fiji , among the Berbers of North Africa, and among some Asians. In Western culture , blond hair has long been associated with female beauty.

Aphrodite , the Greek goddess of love and beauty, was reputed to have blond hair. In ancient Greece and Rome , blond hair was frequently associated with prostitutes, who dyed their hair using saffron dyes in order to attract customers. The Greeks stereotyped Thracians and slaves as blond and the Romans associated blondness with the Celts and the Germans to the north. In western Europe during the Middle Ages , long, blond hair was idealized as the paragon of female beauty.

The Norse goddess Sif and the medieval heroine Iseult were both significantly portrayed as blond and, in medieval artwork , Eve , Mary Magdalene , and the Virgin Mary are often shown with blond hair. In contemporary western culture, blonde women are often negatively stereotyped as sexually attractive, but unintelligent. In the late nineteenth and early twentieth century, scientific racists categorized blond hair and blue eyes as characteristics of the supreme Nordic race.

The word "blond" is first documented in English in [1] and derives from Old French blund, blont , meaning "a colour midway between golden and light chestnut ". The word "blond" has two possible origins. Some linguists [ who? However, linguists who favor a Latin origin for the word say that Medieval Latin blundus was a vulgar pronunciation of Latin flavus , also meaning "yellow". Most authorities, especially French, attest to the Frankish origin.

The word was reintroduced into English in the 17th century from French, and was for some time considered French; in French, "blonde" is a feminine adjective ; it describes a woman with blond hair. The two forms, however, are pronounced identically. American Heritage 's Book of English Usage propounds that, insofar as "a blonde" can be used to describe a woman but not a man who is merely said to possess blond e hair, the term is an example of a " sexist stereotype [whereby] women are primarily defined by their physical characteristics.

The masculine version is used in the plural, in "blonds of the European race", [5] in a citation from Penny cyclopedia , which distinguishes genuine blondness as a Caucasian feature distinct from albinism.

By the early s, "blonde moment" or being a "dumb blonde" had come into common parlance to mean "an instance of a person, esp. The OED gives "brunet" as meaning "dark-complexioned" or a "dark-complexioned person", citing a comparative usage of brunet and blond to Thomas Henry Huxley in saying, "The present contrast of blonds and brunets existed among them.

For example, the OED records its use in 19th-century poetic diction to describe flowers, "a variety of clay ironstone of the coal measures", "the colour of raw silk", [5] a breed of ray , lager beer , and pale wood. Various subcategories of blond hair have been defined to describe the different shades and sources of the hair color more accurately. Common examples include the following:. Natural lighter hair colors occur most often in Europe and less frequently in other areas.

The hair color gene MC1R has at least seven variants in Europe, giving the continent a wide range of hair and eye shades. Based on genetic research carried out at three Japanese universities, the date of the genetic mutation that resulted in blond hair in Europe has been isolated to about 11, years ago during the last ice age. A typical explanation found in the scientific literature for the evolution of light hair is related to the evolution of light skin , and in turn the requirement for vitamin D synthesis and northern Europe's seasonal less solar radiation.

In this way, high frequencies of light hair in northern latitudes are a result of the light skin adaptation to lower levels of solar radiation, which reduces the prevalence of rickets caused by vitamin D deficiency. The darker pigmentation at higher latitudes in certain ethnic groups such as the Inuit is explained by a greater proportion of seafood in their diet and by the climate which they live in, because in the polar climate there is more ice or snow on the ground, and this reflects the solar radiation onto the skin, making this environment lack the conditions for the person to have blond, brown or red hair, light skin and blue, grey or green eyes.

An alternative hypothesis was presented by Canadian anthropologist Peter Frost, who claims blond hair evolved very quickly in a specific area at the end of the last ice age by means of sexual selection.

The earliest known individual with the derived allele is the ANE Afontova Gora 3 individual, dated to 14, years ago. A study reported seven Mesolithzic hunter-gatherers found at Motala , southern Sweden , dated to 7, years ago, as the earliest known individuals in whom the modern Scandinavian phenotype, combining light skin, blue eyes and blond hair, was combined. It is possible that blond hair evolved more than once. A study published in Science reported a distinct genetic origin of blond hair in people from the Solomon Islands in Melanesia , associated with an amino acid change in TYRP1 produced blond hair.

Blond hair is most common in light-skinned infants and children, [39] so much so that the term "baby blond" is often used for very light colored hair. Babies may be born with blond hair even among groups where adults rarely have blond hair, although such natural hair usually falls out quickly. Blond hair tends to turn darker with age, and many children's blond hair turns light, medium, dark brown or black before or during their adult years.

Blond hair is most common in Scandinavia and the Baltic Sea countries, where true blondism is believed to have originated. The pigmentation of both hair and eyes is lightest around the Baltic Sea, and darkness increases regularly and almost concentrically around this region.

A number of blond naturally mummified bodies of common people i. Burials seem to be clustered by hair-colour. Aboriginal Australians , especially in the west-central parts of the continent, have a high frequency of natural blond-to-brown hair.

In these parts of Asia, blond hair is generally seen among children and usually turns into a shade of dark brown in adulthood. Environmental factors, such as sun exposure and nutrition status, often contribute to changes in hair color in Asia.

Today, higher frequencies of light hair in Asia are prevalent among Pamiris , Kalash , Nuristani and Uyghur ethnic groups.

Blond hair is often seen in these groups, whereas the indigenous peoples are more likely to be dark haired. Many actors and actresses in Latin America and Hispanic United States have blond hair, blue eyes , and pale skin.

Most people in ancient Greece had dark hair and, as a result of this, the Greeks found blond hair immensely fascinating. Sappho of Lesbos c. In the fifth century BC, the sculptor Pheidias may have depicted the Greek goddess of wisdom Athena 's hair using gold in his famous statue of Athena Parthenos , which was displayed inside the Parthenon.

The most famous statue of Aphrodite, the Aphrodite of Knidos , sculpted in the fourth century BC by Praxiteles , represented the goddess's hair using gold leaf [86] and contributed to the popularity of the image of Aphrodite as a blonde goddess.

During the early years of the Roman Empire , blond hair was associated with prostitutes. Juvenal wrote in a satirical poem that Messalina , Roman empress of noble birth, would hide her black hair with a blond wig for her nightly visits to the brothel: sed nigrum flavo crinem abscondente galero intravit calidum veteri centone lupanar. Emperor Lucius Verus r. From an ethnic point of view, Roman authors associated blond and red hair with the Gauls and the Germans : e. By the 1st century BC, the Roman Republic had expanded its control into parts of western Germany , and by 85 AD the provinces of Germania Inferior and Germania Superior were formally established there.

The gradual Roman conquest of Iberia was completed by the early 1st century AD. Medieval Scandinavian art and literature often places emphasis on the length and color of a woman's hair, [] considering long, blond hair to be the ideal.

In Northern European folklore , supernatural beings value blond hair in humans. Blond babies are more likely to be stolen and replaced with changelings , and young blonde women are more likely to be lured away to the land of the beings.

The Scandinavians were not the only ones to place strong emphasis on the beauty of blond hair; [] the French writer Christine de Pisan writes in her book The Treasure of the City of Ladies that "there is nothing in the world lovelier on a woman's head than beautiful blond hair. Because of blond hair's relative commonness in northern Europe, especially among children, folk tales from these regions tend to feature large numbers of blond protagonists.

During the medieval period , Spanish ladies preferred to dye their hair black, yet by the time of the Renaissance in the 16th century the fashion imported from Italy was to dye their hair blond or red. In the early twentieth century racialist and supremacist thinkers promulgated the theory that human features such as blond hair and blue eyes were hallmarks of a " master race ". In contemporary popular culture, blonde women are stereotyped as being more sexually attractive to men than women with other hair colors.

Madonna popularized the short bleached blond haircut after the release of her third studio album, True Blue , and influenced both the s fashion scene as well as many future female musicians like Christina Aguilera , Lady Gaga , and Miley Cyrus. Originating in Europe, the " blonde stereotype " is also associated with being less serious or less intelligent.

The British filmmaker Alfred Hitchcock preferred to cast blonde women for major roles in his films as he believed that the audience would suspect them the least, comparing them to "virgin snow that shows up the bloody footprints", hence the term Hitchcock blonde.

The notion that blonds are less intelligent is not grounded in fact. A study of 10, Americans found that both women and men with natural blond hair had IQ scores similar to the average IQ of non-blond white Americans, and that white women with natural blond hair in fact had a higher average IQ score Although many consider blonde jokes to be harmless, the author of the study stated the stereotype can have serious negative effects on hiring, promotion and other social experiences.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. It is not to be confused with Platinum Blonde disambiguation. For other uses, see Blond disambiguation and Blonde disambiguation. Right image: Ganymede , a Trojan youth, rolling a hoop, Attic vase c. On the left : Statue of Antinous Delphi , depiting Antinous , polychrome Parian marble , made during the reign of Hadrian r. OED Online. March Oxford University Press. Archived at the Wayback Machine 17 May Archived from the original on September 7, Retrieved October 24, June [draft editions].

Additions Series Archived from the original on Troubetzkoy, Gregory ed. March 1, The Expansion of Everyday Life, University of Arkansas Press. January 1, The Civil War and Reconstruction. Greenwood Publishing Group.

Works of Anatole France. Note, the end of the Times article reiterates the disappearing blonde gene hoax; the online version replaced it with a rebuttal.

In western Europe during the Middle Ages , long, blond hair was idealized as the paragon of female beauty. Blue is a revered color in many cultures. The Cro-Magnons happened to survive the end of ice-age north of the ice-covered Alps and Pyrrenees - due to the open lands around the steady passage of the Gulfstream. I am glad you enjoy reading this article. I'm blonde and blue. The word was reintroduced into English in the 17th century from French, and was for some time considered French; in French, "blonde" is a feminine adjective ; it describes a woman with blond hair. In other species domestication causes changes like color variation and behavioral issues.

Blonde blue eyed origin

Blonde blue eyed origin

Blonde blue eyed origin

Blonde blue eyed origin

Blonde blue eyed origin

Blonde blue eyed origin. Next story


Understanding Genetics

Residents of the Solomon Islands in the Pacific have some of the darkest skin seen outside of Africa. They also have the highest occurrence of blond hair seen in any population outside of Europe. Now, researchers have found the single gene that explains these fair tresses. A single mutation is responsible for almost half of the variation in Solomon Islanders' hair color, the scientists reported Thursday May 3 in the journal Science.

Most strikingly, this gene mutation seems to have arisen in the Pacific, not been brought in by fair-haired Europeans intermarrying with islanders. Kenny's colleagues Sean Myles and Nicholas Timpson traveled to the remote Solomon islands , where Myles, now a professor at Nova Scotia Agricultural College, had previously noted a surprising number of blonds. It was mind-blowing," Myles said in a statement.

That's not very far off from the proportion of blond-haired people in Europe, Kenny said. The researchers gathered saliva from 43 blond and 42 dark-haired Solomon Islanders to analyze for clues to the genes behind their hair color. A genome-wide analysis turned up a shockingly clear result, rare in the world of genetics where a single trait can be influenced by dozens or more genes.

A gene called TYRP1, which resides on the ninth chromosome of human's 23 pairs of chromosomes, explained Chromosomes are coiled packets of DNA. A mutation in this gene affects an enzyme known to be involved in human pigmentation, the researchers found.

This mutation doesn't appear in European genomes, an analysis of genomes from 52 human populations around the world revealed. Rather, it seems to have arisen independently and persisted in the Melanesian population. That makes the gene different from the one responsible for blue eyes , which arose from a single common ancestor between 6, and 10, years ago.

Before then, there were no blue eyes, they said. The find solves a nifty genetic mystery, but it also highlights the dangers of assuming that genome findings from one population will translate to another, said study author Carlos Bustamante, a professor of genetics at Stanford. Editor's note : This story has been updated to correct which researchers traveled to the Solomon Islands to collect data.

Sean Myles and Nicholas Timpson collected the samples. Live Science. A blond-haired Solomon Island child gives the camera two thumbs up. Research published in the journal Science has uncovered the gene responsible for these fair tresses.

Blonde blue eyed origin

Blonde blue eyed origin