As the day progressed I developed a high temperature, cold hands and feet, shaking and aching limbs but at no point did my family or I link it to meningitis. My mum called the NHS helpline and they sent a first response paramedic, and within minutes the ambulance came and transported me to the Royal Gwent Hospital. I knew then that they had been told my diagnosis. I didn't feel like somebody with meningitis - I was talkative and smiling. I did feel a little rough, but nothing seriously wrong and all I wanted to do was sleep.
Both types are spread through direct contact with an infected person. Sexton D. ACIP Recommendations. I gave him some ibuprofen and he lay around for the rest of the day. This includes straws and eating cajse. Shingles zoster. The swelling from meningitis typically triggers symptoms such as headache, fever and a stiff neck. Meningococcal vaccine: What everyone should know. See your doctor early to reduce serious complications.
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If your skin doesn't turn white underneath the glass, it could be a sign of blood poisoning associated with spinal meningitis, and you should go to the hospital immediately. Caus third bacteria that causes bacterial meningitis is Haemophilus influenza. Look for differences in the baby's normal crying patterns. Getting the flu shot for the first time ever? More questions. Watch for changes in dtrep baby's neck and body. Strep - When to worry about meningitis? In these instances, patients and their families should already be aware of their increased risk of infection and the appropriate Can strep throat cause meningitis to take to prevent complications like meningitis. It is five times more common than the pneumococcal infection and comes in two main Ca - Group B and Group C. Watch for this behavior if other symptoms occur as well.
Meningitis is swelling of the tissue around your brain and spinal cord.
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- Meningitis, sometimes referred to as spinal meningitis, is an inflammation of the membranes surrounding the brain and spinal cord.
Four days before Christmas , year-old Jessica Elkins went to school to take her final exams and later met her sister and brother for lunch. At the restaurant, however, Jessica felt sick and was unable to eat. She went to the car to rest and burst into tears. Since the local health clinic was already closed, Michelle took Jessica to the pediatrician. When the pediatrician performed a culture for strep throat, Jessica began to vomit. She was diagnosed with the flu and sent home with Tamiflu, and told to get plenty of fluids and rest.
Jessica continued to vomit throughout the night and into the next day. When Michelle called the pediatrician, he told her to get to the emergency room immediately.
Once there, Jessica was in and out of consciousness as doctors made a diagnosis: meningococcal meningitis. The following day Jessica seemed better, but the day after, her conditioned worsened. She developed pneumonia, her kidneys failed and she was put on a ventilator. What is meningitis? Bacterial meningitis is spread from person to person through organisms in the nose or throat.
These organisms travel into the bloodstream and cause swelling of the protective covering of the brain, also known as the meninges, and the spinal cord. Last month, a 9-year-old girl from Chicago died from meningitis and just last week, a 5-year-old boy from Harrisburg, Pennsylvania died from the disease. Anyone can get meningitis, but babies, teens and college-age young adults are at an increased risk.
However, bacterial meningitis is rare in the U. Approximately 4, cases and deaths occured each year between and , according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC. In babies and toddlers, meningitis is common because of their immature immune systems. The three types of bacteria are encapsulated by polysaccharides, or a sugar-like coating. Symptoms of meningitis Symptoms of meningitis can include high fever, nausea, vomiting, sensitivity to light, confusion, joint pain, a stiff neck and a reddish or purple rash.
In babies, meningitis can start out looking like a cold but symptoms can worsen and lead to irritability, poor feeding and lethargy. As more time passes and meningitis is left undiagnosed, a patient can experience seizures.
The swelling in the skull can lead to brain damage and between 10 and 15 percent of people will have hearing loss. Some will have seizure disorders or brain injuries and have developmental and intellectual problems.
They can also lose their fingers, toes and extremities because of the damage, which is most common in those with meningococcus. He told his mom that he had a migraine, was sensitive to light, nauseous, vomiting and was going to miss his baseball game.
Doctors diagnosed him with a virus and said they would keep him overnight. The recommended immunization schedule for children includes vaccines for Hib, pneumococcus and meningococcal serotypes A, C, W and Y. Parents should know that if their child has symptoms of meningitis and has not been vaccinated, they must go to the ER immediately for a spinal tap. In , Lynn Bozof founded the National Meningitis Foundation to raise awareness about meningitis and educate parents on how to prevent it.
The disease can be in your own backyard. Photo courtesy of Michelle Akins. Jury selection begins in meningitis outbreak that killed Julie Revelant is a health journalist and a consultant who provides content marketing and copywriting services for the healthcare industry.
She's also a mom of two. Learn more about Julie at revelantwriting.
A high fever , along with these other symptoms, could indicate that the problem is meningitis, rather than the flu or strep throat. Our support is for life. Meningitis is an inflammation of the membranes meninges surrounding your brain and spinal cord. Rating Newest Oldest. Determine whether the neck is stiff and sore.
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His stiff neck developed a whole week after his antibiotic treatment! I took him back in and it turns out that the infection was not gone. The first round of antibiotics weren't enough to treat it and he had to be given a higher dose. He also had a fever.
So the strep throat and stiff neck don't have to occur at the same time. The stiff neck can develop later and the only way to know is to keep a close eye on the child. Thankfully, we have a great pediatrician who will pick up calls any time of the day. My cousin had meningitis as a child and has a mild form of mental retardation because of it.
They didn't get her treated in time. It's very sad. Stiff neck is one of the symptoms of meningitis. ZipLine Post 1 Stiff neck is never a good symptom when there is an ongoing infection. Stiff neck due to injury is different. If the neck feels stiff during an infection, that's a sign that the infection is getting worse. This symptom should never be ignored. I had stiff neck once from strep throat and I went to the hospital right away.
I was put on strong antibiotics, as well as pain relievers. The doctor told me to come back if the stiff neck doesn't go away. Once the antibiotics kicked in, I felt considerably better. Post your comments Post Anonymously Please enter the code:. One of our editors will review your suggestion and make changes if warranted. Note that depending on the number of suggestions we receive, this can take anywhere from a few hours to a few days. Thank you for helping to improve wiseGEEK!
View slideshow of images above. Watch the Did-You-Know slideshow. Follow wiseGEEK. Did You Know? This Day in History. You might also Like. What is a Meningitis Vaccine? What is Acute Tonsillitis? Look for vomiting and nausea associated with the headache. Migraines often lead to vomiting and nausea, so these symptoms don't automatically point to meningitis. However, it's important to pay close attention to other symptoms if you or the person you're concerned about is feeling sick enough to vomit.
Check for a fever. A high fever , along with these other symptoms, could indicate that the problem is meningitis, rather than the flu or strep throat. Take the temperature of the person who is sick to determine whether a high fever is on the list of symptoms. The fever related to meningitis is generally around degrees, and any fever over Fahrenheit is cause for concern. Determine whether the neck is stiff and sore.
This is a very common symptom among those who have meningitis. The stiffness and soreness is caused by pressure from the inflamed meninges. If you or someone you know has a sore neck that doesn't seem to be related to other common causes of soreness and stiffness, like pulling a muscle or getting whiplash, meningitis might be the culprit. If this symptom arises, have the person lie flat on his back and ask him to bend or flex his hips. When they do this, it should cause pain in the neck.
This is a sign of meningitis. Watch for concentration difficulties. Since the membranes around the brain become inflamed with meningitis, cognitive difficulties commonly occur among meningitis patients. The inability to finish reading an article, focus on a conversation, or complete a task, paired with a severe headache, could be a warning sign. In rare cases, this can make the person anywhere from barely rousable to comatose.
Notice photophobia. Photophobia is an intense pain caused by light. Eye pain and eye sensitivity are associated with meningitis in adults. If you or someone you know has trouble going outside or being in a room with bright lights, see your doctor. This may manifest by a general sensitivity or fear of bright lights at first.
Watch for this behavior if other symptoms occur as well. Look for seizures. Seizures are uncontrollable muscle movements, often violent in nature, which usually cause loss of bladder control and general disorientation.
The person who underwent a seizure likely may not know what year it is, where they are, or how old they are right after the seizure is over. If the person has epilepsy or a history of seizures, they may not be a symptom of meningitis.
If you encounter someone having a seizure, call Roll them on their side and move any objects that he may hit themselves on away from the area. Most seizures stop on their own within one to two minutes. Look for the tell-tale rash. Certain types of meningitis, such as meningococcal meningitis, cause a rash to occur. The rash is reddish or purple and blotchy, and may be a sign of blood poisoning. If you see a rash, you can determine whether it was caused by meningitis by conducting the glass test:  Press a glass against the rash.
Use a clear glass so you can see the skin through it. If the skin under the glass does not turn white, this indicates that blood poisoning may have occurred. Go to the hospital immediately. Not all types of meningitis have a rash. The absence of a rash should not be taken as a sign that a person does not have meningitis. Be aware of the challenges. The diagnosis of meningitis in children, especially infants, is a diagnostic challenge, even to experienced pediatricians.
Since so many benign and self-limited viral syndromes present similarly, with fever and a crying child, it can be hard to distinguish meningitis symptoms in small children and infants. This leads many hospital protocols and individual clinicians to have a very high suspicion for meningitis, especially for those children 3 months and younger who have only received one set in their series of vaccines.
Viral meningitis still presents but presentation is mild and self-limited, with minimal care needed. Check for a high fever. Infants, like adults and children, develop a high fever with meningitis. Check your baby's temperature to determine if a fever is present. Whether or not meningitis is the cause, you should take your baby to the doctor if he or she has a fever. Watch for constant crying. This can be caused by many illnesses and other issues, but if your baby seems especially upset and won't be calmed by changing, feeding, and other measures you usually take, you should call the doctor.
In combination with other symptoms, constant crying may be a sign of meningitis. Look for differences in the baby's normal crying patterns. Some parents report that babies become even more upset when they are picked up if meningitis is the issue. Meningitis may cause babies to produce a cry that is higher-pitched than normal. Look for sleepiness and inactivity. A sluggish, sleepy, irritable baby who is usually active may have meningitis. Look for noticeable behavioral differences that point to lower consciousness and an inability to fully wake up.
Pay attention to weak sucking during feedings. Babies with meningitis have a reduced ability to make the sucking motion during feeding. If your baby is having trouble sucking, call the doctor immediately.
Watch for changes in the baby's neck and body. If the baby seems to have trouble moving his or her head, and his or her body looks unusually rigid and stiff, this could be a sign of meningitis. The child may also feel pain around their neck and back.
It may be simple stiffness at first, but if the child seems in pain when moved, it may be more severe. Watch to see if she automatically brings her feet up to her chest when you bend their neck forward or is she has pain when her legs are bent.
She may also be unable to straighten her lower legs if her hips are at a 90 degree angle. This presents in infants most often when their diapers are changed and you cannot pull their legs out.
Learn about viral meningitis. Viral meningitis is usually self limited and goes away on its own. There are a few specific viruses such as the herpes simplex virus HSV and HIV that require specific goal directed therapy with antiviral drugs. Viral meningitis is spread person to person contact. A groups of viruses called enterovirus is the primary source and occur most typically in the late summer to early fall.
Despite it being possible to be spread by person to person contact, outbreaks of viral meningitis are rare. Know about Streptococcus pneumoniae. There are three kinds of bacteria that cause bacterial meningitis, which is the most worrisome and lethal. Streptococcus pneumoniae is the most common form to strike infants, young children, and adults in the US.
There is a vaccine for this bacteria, however, so it is curable. It is spread most commonly from a sinus or ear infection and should be suspected when a person with a prior sinus or ear infection develops symptoms of meningitis. Certain people are at higher risk, such as those who do not have spleens and those who are older. Vaccination for these individuals is protocol. Understand Neisseria meningitidis.
Another bacteria that causes bacterial meningitis is Neisseria meningitidis. This is a highly contagious form that afflicts otherwise healthy adolescents and young adults. It is spread person to person and outbreaks occur in schools or dorms.
Meningitis - Bacterial Meningitis - Symptoms | jupeboutique.com
It can be transmitted from mother to baby before or during birth, or through contact with adults who handle the baby. There is currently no vaccine available that protects against GBS meningitis and septicaemia. There is a vaccine under development however, and it is hoped that in future women will be able to be immunised in pregnancy to protect newborns from this type of meningitis.
These bacteria commonly cause mild throat, skin, ear and sinus infections in both adults and children. More rarely these bacteria cause an invasive infection where they penetrate deeper into the tissues and organs of the body causing more serious disease. This bacteria is an important cause of meningitis in newborn babies and people with medical conditions that put them at increased risk.
Find out more about E. Listeria meningitis occurs mainly in newborns, elderly people and those with weakened immune systems. Mothers can become infected with this type of bacteria by eating products contaminated with listeria. Find out more about listeria meningitis. Find out more about Salmonella meningitis. Diagnosis of TB meningitis can be difficult because the onset of illness is not as sudden as with other types of bacterial meningitis. Find out more about TB meningitis.
Viral meningitis is almost never life-threatening and viruses rarely cause septicaemia. Since people often recover from viral meningitis without medical treatment, it is difficult to measure how many cases of viral meningitis cases occur each year, but it is probably much more common than bacterial meningitis.
Fungal meningitis is very rare in the UK and Ireland but is serious. It usually only affects people with weakened immune systems. Some types of meningitis causing bacteria are so rare that we only see one or two cases per year. Some of these are listed in our rarer causes of bacterial meningitis factsheet.
More about rarer causes of bacterial meningitis. The MRF Membership and Support team are here for you for any questions you might have about meningitis and septicaemia and their effects on you, or your family and friends. What causes meningitis and septicaemia? The symptoms of meningitis. Meningitis and septicaemia can kill in hours - know the symptoms. Symptoms checker. Bacterial meningitis and septicaemia Bacterial meningitis and septicaemia are serious, life threatening illnesses.
At least 50 kinds of bacteria can cause meningitis, but the main types are:. Meningococcal bacteria are the most common cause of bacterial meningitis and septicaemia in the UK and Ireland. Babies and children under the age of 5 are at the highest risk, but there is a secondary peak of disease amongst teenagers. There are several different groups of meningococcal bacteria that cause disease. Find out more about meningococcal meningitis and septicaemia Vist our partnership with the Global Meningococcal Intiative for reports on the picture of meningococcal meningitis and septicaemia in the rest of the world.
Pneumococcal meningitis is the second most common cause of bacterial meningitis and septicaemia in the UK and Ireland, and in some countries is the most common cause.
Most cases of pneumococcal meningitis are in children under two years old, adults over the age of 65 and in those with medical problems that put them at increased risk of disease. Pneumococcal meningitis can be severe and has a higher risk of death and long term brain damage than most other causes of bacterial meningitis.
Find out more about pneumococcal meningitis. Haemophilus influenzae type b Hib. Find out more about Hib meningitis. It can be passed from mother to baby during pregnancy or labour. Salmonella meningitis is rare and mostly affects newborn babies. Tuberculosis TB. This is a rare cause of meningitis. Other causes of meningitis and septicaemia. Viral meningitis. More about viral meningitis. Fungal meningitis. Find out more about fungal meningitis. Rarer types. About meningitis vaccines.
There are vaccines against some forms of meningitis. Find out more. Share this. Membership and support. Email Me. Where next? Support for you. Read more. Book of Experience. The stories that inspire us to create a world free from meningitis and septicaemia. Meningitis and septicaemia are serious, life threatening illnesses. Causes of meningitis and septicaemia.
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