The biretta Latin : biretum, birretum is a square cap with three or four peaks or horns, sometimes surmounted by a tuft. Traditionally the three peaked biretta is worn by Roman Catholic clergy and some Anglican and Lutheran clergy. The four peaked biretta is worn as academic dress by those holding a doctoral degree from a pontifical faculty or pontifical university. Occasionally the biretta is worn by advocates in law courts, for instance the advocates in the Channel Islands. The origins of the biretta are uncertain.
As an item of Imperial regaliaalong with other such items as the sakkos Imperial dalmatic and epigonationthe mitre came to signify the temporal authority of bishops especially that of the Patriarch of Constantinople within the administration of the Rum millet i. Return policy details Buyers can receive a partial refund, and keep the item s if they are not as described or with quality issues by negotiating directly with seller within 30 Latin headgear from the day the item s were received. There are normally four icons attached to the mitre often of Christ, the TheotokosJohn the Baptist and the Crosswhich the bishop may kiss before he puts it on. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Some priests wear it during outdoor services such as burials or processions and, as is intended, during the celebration of Mass and other liturgical services. Black horny teen and deans could wear a black biretta with a red pom. Birettas are also occasionally worn by Anglo-Catholic Anglican clergy, though is it generally considered a Latin headgear. Bands Doctoral ring Sub fusc.
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Black hetero fuck latino for money Like Dislike Close. The Spanish style sometimes called a bonete is stiff and has four horns rather than three peaks. Do you know what languages these words come from? In which we discuss Articles 25 and 26 of the 39 Latin headgear of Religion, discussing…. Definition of headgear. In these uses it gradually shrank in size and often became permanently Brunette minneapolis single to the clothing underneath, effectively just as an ornament, in its present headgearr, as a part of academic dress, called an epitoge. It is either this or the headgear meaning that later extended figuratively to become chaperon in UK English, almost always chaperone meaning a protective escort, especially for a woman. Additionally, it Latin headgear be worn outdoors for non liturgical functions. In the 10th century the tiara was pictured on papal coins. Twink with braces cumshot and loud gay indian cumshot No cause for Latin headgear Dislike Close. Tags: publicoutdoorsoutsidewoodsBrunettetwink headdgear, BlowjobsuckingcockHandjobstroking. Drool Like Dislike Close. Free Gay Porn Categories Loading Sex gay old Bracing himself against the wall for support, Like Dislike Close.
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The biretta Latin : biretum, birretum is a square cap with three or four peaks or horns, sometimes surmounted by a tuft. Traditionally the three peaked biretta is worn by Roman Catholic clergy and some Anglican and Lutheran clergy.
The four peaked biretta is worn as academic dress by those holding a doctoral degree from a pontifical faculty or pontifical university. Occasionally the biretta is worn by advocates in law courts, for instance the advocates in the Channel Islands. The origins of the biretta are uncertain. It is mentioned as early as the tenth century. One possible origin is the academic cap of the high Middle Ages, which was soft and square. This is also the ancestor of the modern mortarboard used today in secular universities.
The biretta seems to have become a more widely used as an ecclesiastical vestment after the synod of Bergamo, , ordered the clergy to wear the "bireta on their heads after the manner of laymen.
The biretta may be used by all ranks of the Latin clergy cardinals and other bishops to priests , deacons , and even seminarians who are not clergy, since they are not ordained. Those worn by cardinals are scarlet red and made of silk.
After the Second Vatican Council the ceremony of giving the galero to cardinals was replaced with giving the biretta. The biretta of a bishop is amaranth in color, while those worn by priests, deacons, and seminarians are black. The pope does not make use of the biretta. The Tridentine Roman Missal rubrics on low Mass required the priest to wear the biretta while proceeding to the altar, to hand it to the server on arrival and to resume it when leaving.
Cardinals bear no tuft or "pom" they are given their birettas and zuchettos by the Pope who elevated them in a ceremony named a consistory — they will form a line, and kneel before him when receiving them , bishops bear a purple pom, priests who have been appointed as prelates to certain positions within the Vatican wear a black biretta with red pom, diocesan priests and deacons wear a black biretta with or without a black pom.
It is often asserted that seminarians are only entitled to wear a biretta without a pom-pom, but there would seem to be no formal ruling on this point. Priests in monastic and mendicant religious orders that have their own habits Benedictines, Franciscans, Dominicans, etc.
Clerks Regular that is, post-Renaissance religious orders primarily dedicated to priestly ministry, for instance the Jesuits and Redemptorists generally wear a black biretta with no tuft. Other priests who belong to various forms of community life, as the Congregation of the Oratory of St. Philip Neri for instance, generally also wear birettas, but without a pom.
The liturgical biretta has three peaks four peaks however are the norm in Germany and the Netherlands , with the "peak-less" corner worn on the left side of the head. According to the Catholic Encyclopedia , "It was formerly the rule that a priest should always wear it in giving absolution in confession, and it is probable that the ancient usage which requires an English judge assume the 'black cap' in pronouncing sentence of death is of identical origin. The use of the biretta has not been abolished as a result of changes in the regulation of clerical dress and vesture following the Second Vatican Council and still remains the correct liturgical headgear for those in Holy Orders whilst "in choir", but its use has been made optional.
Its use is prevalent among bishops and cardinals, and less so among other clergy. Some priests wear it during outdoor services such as burials or processions and, as is intended, during the celebration of Mass and other liturgical services. The biretta is also worn by a priest, deacon, subdeacon, and bishop in attendance at a Mass offered according to the rubrics for the Roman Missal of Birettas are also occasionally worn by Anglo-Catholic Anglican clergy, though is it generally considered a Romanism.
Canons and deans could wear a black biretta with a red pom. The Canterbury cap is of similar origin to the biretta, and, although seldom used since the early 20th century, has been considered a more authentically Anglican alternative to the biretta. The Canterbury cap has a soft, square top rather than the rigid horns that developed on the biretta. In the medieval university, the ceremony by which a new master or doctor received his degree included the birretatio, or imposition of the biretta.
This was often given with a token book in recognition of the person's scholarship. Today some secular universities still use the term, if not the actual biretta, to name their academic cap.
For those holding doctoral degrees from a pontifical university or faculty, whether ordained or lay, "the principal mark of a Doctor's dignity is the four horned biretta.
Doctoratus ac Scentiae effectus canonici sic recensentur can. The color of the doctoral biretta given by ecclesiastical universities and faculties is normally black, with colored piping corresponding to the faculty of study in which the degree was granted:. At one time, different universities had different practices concerning the color and style of the biretta itself.
One author, nearly a century ago, reports that in his day the Roman universities gave a doctoral biretta in black silk, [ citation needed ] Louvain gave a biretta with a colored tuft according to the academic discipline in which the doctorate was awarded, [ citation needed ] and the Catholic University of America gave a velvet biretta with red tuft and trim to doctors of theology.
A three-peaked black biretta with appropriately colored piping may be similarly used by those receiving the licentiate degree S. The doctoral biretta is sometimes seen in depictions of St. The doctoral biretta has been borrowed for depictions of another doctor of the Church, St. The biretta was considered as possible headwear for female barristers in England and Wales.
In , immediately prior to the first lady being called to the Bar, there was discussion among the senior judges about what she should wear on her head. Darling J and Horridge J suggested the biretta, but were outvoted by the other nine judges present. As a result, female barristers wear the same unpowdered men's wig as male barristers, which completely covers the hair. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Square cap with three or four peaks or horns. For the firearms manufacturer, see Beretta. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.
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As an item of Imperial regalia , along with other such items as the sakkos Imperial dalmatic and epigonation , the mitre came to signify the temporal authority of bishops especially that of the Patriarch of Constantinople within the administration of the Rum millet i. For human roles, see Chaperone social and Chaperone clinical. The chaperon is worn with cornette tied on top of the head, and the patte hanging behind style C. Boys with braces gay porn first time Ever since he arrived on his Like Dislike Close. The only surviving manuscript miniature by Rogier van der Weyden shows Philip the Good wearing a chaperon in style B. For the plant, see Epimedium.
Latin headgear. Orientation
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It also refers to a kind of hairband, such as: the victor's chapter at the games; a headband and a badge of rank at the Ptolemaic court; an oriental headdress, perhaps a kind of turban, etc. In the 10th century the tiara was pictured on papal coins. Worn by a bishop, the mitre is depicted for the first time in two miniatures of the beginning of the eleventh century.
By the use had spread to bishops throughout the West; by the 14th century the tiara was decorated with three crowns. In its modern form in Western Christianity , the mitre is a tall folding cap , consisting of two similar parts the front and back rising to a peak and sewn together at the sides. Two short lappets always hang down from the back. In the Catholic Church , ecclesial law gives the right to use the mitre and other pontifical insigna crosier, pectoral cross, and ring to 1 bishops , 2 abbots , and 3 cardinals and those canonically equivalent to diocesan bishops who do not receive episcopal ordination.
The principal celebrant presents the mitre and other pontifical insignia to a newly ordained bishop during the Rite of Ordination of a Bishop and to a new abbot during the Rite of Blessing of an Abbot. In the case of a person who is canonically equivalent to a diocesan bishop but does not receive episcopal ordination, this presentation normally occurs during a public installation as the ordinary of his jurisdiction.
Catholic ecclesial law also permits former Anglican bishops received into full communion and subsequently ordained to the order of presbyter in the Catholic Church to obtain permission to use pontifical insignia as a mark of recognition of their previous ministry they also may be admitted to the national or regional episcopal conference with status equivalent to that of retired Catholic bishops , but former Anglican bishops typically have not requested permission to use pontifical insignia under this provision.
The proper colour of a mitre is always white, although in liturgical usage white also includes vestments made from gold and silver fabrics.
The embroidered bands and other ornaments which adorn a mitre and the lappets may be of other colours and often are. On all occasions, an altar server may wear a shawl-like veil , called a vimpa , around the shoulders when holding the bishop's mitre. With his inauguration as pope , Benedict XVI broke with tradition and replaced the papal tiara even on his papal coat of arms with a papal mitre containing still the three levels of 'crowns' representing the powers of the Papacy in a simplified form and pallium.
Prior to Benedict XVI, each pope's coat of arms always contained the image of the papal tiara and St. Pope Paul VI was the last pope to date to begin his papal reign with a formal coronation in June However, as a sign of the perceived need for greater simplification of the papal rites, as well as the changing nature of the papacy itself, he abandoned the use of his tiara in a dramatic ceremony in Saint Peter's Basilica during the second session of Vatican II in November However his Apostolic Constitution made it clear the tiara had not been abolished: in the constitution he made provision for his successor to receive a coronation.
Pope John Paul I, however, declined to follow Paul VI's constitution and opted for a simpler papal inauguration , a precedent followed by his three successors.
Pope John Paul II's Apostolic Constitution left open several options by not specifying what sort of ceremony was to be used, other than that some ceremony would be held to inaugurate a new pontificate. Pope Paul VI donated his tiara a gift from his former archdiocese of Milan to the efforts at relieving poverty in the world.
In the Church of England , the mitre fell out of use after the Reformation, but was restored in the late 19th and early 20th centuries as a result of the Oxford Movement , and is now worn by most bishops of the Anglican Communion on at least some occasions. The mitre is also worn by bishops in a number of Lutheran churches, for example the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Latvia and the Church of Sweden.
In ecclesiastical heraldry , a mitre was placed above the shield of all persons who were entitled to wear the mitre, including abbots. It substituted for the helm of military arms, but also appeared as a crest placed atop a helmet, as was common in German heraldry.
In the Roman Catholic Church, the use of the mitre above the shield on the personal arms of clergy was suppressed in ,  and is now found only on some corporate arms, like those of dioceses. Previously, the mitre was often included under the hat,  and even in the arms of a cardinal, the mitre was not entirely displaced. It has been asserted that before the reformation, a distinction was used to be drawn between the mitre of a bishop and an abbot by the omission of the infulae in the abbot's arms.
In England and France it was usual to place the mitre of an abbot slightly in profile. The most typical mitre in the Eastern Orthodox and Byzantine Catholic churches is based on the closed Imperial crown of the late Byzantine Empire.
The crown form was not used by bishops until after the fall of Constantinople The Eastern mitre is made in the shape of a bulbous crown, completely enclosed, and the material is of brocade , damask or cloth of gold. It may also be embroidered , and is often richly decorated with jewels. There are normally four icons attached to the mitre often of Christ, the Theotokos , John the Baptist and the Cross , which the bishop may kiss before he puts it on.
Eastern mitres are usually gold, but other liturgical colours may be used. The mitre is topped by a cross, either made out of metal and standing upright, or embroidered in cloth and lying flat on the top. In Greek practice , the mitres of all bishops are topped with a standing cross.
The same is true in the Russian tradition. Mitres awarded to priests will have the cross lying flat. Sometimes, instead of the flat cross, the mitre may have an icon on the top.
As an item of Imperial regalia , along with other such items as the sakkos Imperial dalmatic and epigonation , the mitre came to signify the temporal authority of bishops especially that of the Patriarch of Constantinople within the administration of the Rum millet i. The mitre is removed at certain solemn moments during the Divine Liturgy and other services, usually being removed and replaced by the protodeacon.
The use of the mitre is a prerogative of bishops, but it may be awarded to archpriests , protopresbyters and archimandrites. The priestly mitre is not surmounted by a cross, and is awarded at the discretion of a synod of bishops. During the 18th century and in a few cases the 19th , soldiers designated as grenadiers in various northern European armies wore a mitre usually called a "mitre cap" similar in outline to those worn by western bishops.
As first adopted in the s this cap had been worn instead of the usual broad-brimmed hat to avoid the headdress being knocked off when the soldier threw a grenade. Militarily, this headdress came in different styles. The Prussian style had a cone-shaped brass or white-metal front with a cloth rear having lace braiding;  the Russian style initially consisted of a tall brass plate atop of a leather cap with a peak at the rear, although the German model was subsequently adopted.
The British style—usually simply called a "grenadier cap" instead of a mitre—had a tall cloth front with elaborate regimental embroidery forward of a sloping red back, lined in white. By the end of the 18th century, due to changes in military fashion, the mitre had generally given way to the bearskin or had been replaced by the standard infantry tricorn or bicorn.
The British Army made this change in and the Prussian Army in All Russian grenadiers continued however to wear mitre caps until , even when on active service. The crowns of the Austrian Empire and Imperial Russia incorporated a mitre of precious metal and jewels into their design.
At the Roman rite of their Coronation , the Pope placed a mitre on their heads before placing the crown over it. Their empress consorts also received both a mitre and crown on their heads from a cardinal bishop at the same ceremony.
Abbesses of certain very ancient abbeys in the West also wore mitres, but of a very different form than that worn by male prelates. The mitral valve of the human heart, which is located between the left atrium and the left ventricle , is named so because of its similarity in shape to the mitre.
Andreas Vesalius , the father of anatomy, noted the striking similarity between the two while performing anatomic dissections in the sixteenth century. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about religious headgear. For other uses, see Mitre disambiguation. For the plant, see Epimedium.
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