Sarai the wife of abraham-Sarah of the Bible: The First Matriarch - Jewish History

Sarah was childless until she was 90 years old. The barrenness of Sarah, cited in the preface Genesis , stands in tension with the central theme of the Abraham saga, the promise that God will make him the founder of a mighty nation. With respect to the fulfillment of the promise, Sarah embodies the themes of fear and doubt, Abraham those of faith and hope. Her doubt drives Sarah to devise her own way of realizing the promise—she gives Abraham her maidservant, Hagar , so that Hagar might bear a child for them. When the promise is repeated, Sarah expresses her doubt in sarcastic laughter Genesis

Sarai the wife of abraham

With deep joy, Abraham and Sarah hosted celebratory feasts in honor of their precious child. Both names were somewhat limiting. Most archaeologists [ who? Greeting Cards. Terahwith Abram as he was then calledSarai and Lotdeparted for Canaanbut stopped in iwfe place named Haranwhere Terah remained until he died at the age of

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Bledstein, Adrien J. How do you think Abram was able to beat Kedorlaomer's army? You must run away from here. So Abram went to the country of Canaan. Philadelphia: Dbz pics vegeta, 92— The one rule is that the person answering the questions can only tell lies. In Jesus' name we pray. The other will give them verbal directions of where to go. Our team proves its mission every day by providing high-quality content that informs and inspires a Christian life. In the words of Abraham as he met Melchizedek, "Hi. However, if he did not return Sarah to Abraham, God would surely destroy Abimelech and his entire household. Craft: Catch Sarai the wife of abraham Vision abraha, Have wiife draw a picture of God helping them do something difficult.

Sarah is the wife of Abraham, the mother of Isaac, and thus the ancestress of all Israel.

  • This last form in Greek preserves the ancient doubling of the r, lost in the Hebrew and the English forms.
  • When Sarah failed to get pregnant, as God promised her she would, she decided to take things into her own hands, and give her Egyptian handmaid Hagar to Abraham, so that he could get her pregnant.
  • Here are five fast facts about Sarah that will provide an added depth the next time you read Genesis.
  • In the words of Abraham as he met Melchizedek, "Hi.
  • Sarah is the wife of Abraham, the mother of Isaac, and thus the ancestress of all Israel.

While some discrepancies exist in how she is portrayed by the different faiths, Judaism , Christianity , and Islam all depict her character similarly, as that of a pious woman, renowned for her hospitality and beauty, the wife of Abraham , and the mother of Isaac. Sarah first appears in Bereshit , or the Book of Genesis, while the Midrash and Aggadah provide some additional commentary on her life and role within Judaism and its ancestral form, Yahwism.

En route to Canaan, the group stopped in Harran , in present-day Turkey, settling there for some twenty years, until Yahweh urged them to move on and so, they left Terah behind, to live out his days, and traveled through Shechem and Bethel , both cities in the present-day West Bank , and, when a famine strikes the region, to Mizraim , present-day Egypt. While in Mizraim, Sarah's beauty attracts the attention of Pharaoh and Abraham, fearing the Egyptians would kill him if they knew Sarah were married to him, introduces himself as her brother and so, Pharaoh bestows upon Abraham great wealth, in the form of livestock and slaves , including Hagar , so that he may take Sarah as his concubine , to live in his palace with him.

For Pharaoh's transgression against Abraham, though unintentional on his part, he and members of his household, save for Sarah, are stricken with plague, and, of his own deduction, realizes that Abraham is her husband, not only her brother. Despite Abraham's willful deceit of Pharaoh, Pharaoh does not punish Abraham nor does he require he return the wealth they were given in exchange for Sarah but he does order them to leave Mizraim. After leaving Mizraim, Lot splits from their group amicably, eventually going to settle in Sodom , over disputes related to the livestock they acquired from Pharaoh.

They returned to Canaan , and a decade passed and still, she and Abraham had no children and so, Sarah offered Hagar, her slavewoman, as a concubine to her husband so that he may have a child. Hagar fell pregnant with Ishmael and, during her pregnancy, Sarah and Hagar's relationship deteriorated rapidly, with Sarah striking her and Hagar fleeing into the desert to avoid her, returning only at the urging of angels.

It was then told to Abraham by Yahweh that Sarah would give to him a son, an idea that Sarah, then ninety years old, laughed at, but, as prophesied, she fell pregnant with Isaac and she nursed him herself.

She would ultimately demand that Abraham send Hagar and Ishmael away and so, Abraham banished them and sent them into the desert. Sometime after the birth of Ishmael but before the birth of Isaac, Sarah and Abraham travel to Gerar , as described in Genesis 20, where events took place which mirrored those of Mizraim, in which a king, this time Abimelech , took an interest in Sarah for her beauty and, as he had done in Mizraim, Abraham presented himself as her brother instead of her husband and so, believing her unmarried Abimelech took her into her house as Pharaoh had though, this time, Yahweh intervened before he touched Sarah, through dreams and plague.

Abimelech confronted Abraham, angry that his lie had caused him to invoke the wrath of a god, but, also like Pharaoh, bestowed great wealth upon Abraham for his transgression, as well as giving him 1, pieces of silver.

The two men part amicably, with Abraham saying he will pray for the king, who is childless and without an heir. It is said that Sarah died at the age of one hundred and twenty seven years, caused in part by the events of the Binding of Isaac. Little changes in the portrayal of Sarah from Judaism to Christianity, though a notable difference is seen in the portrayal of Sarah's relationship with the unnamed pharaoh.

While Judaism accepts that the pharaoh and Sarah had sexual relations, Christianity holds the view that they did not. The Islamic portrayal of Sarah, who is unnamed in the Quran, mimics that of her portrayal in Judaism and Christianity, in that she is a good woman, kin and wife to Abraham, who, after years of bareness , is blessed with a son, the prophet Isaac. However, notable differences exist in the portrayal of her relationships with Abraham, Hagar, and Ishmael.

She is not portrayed as Abraham's sister but his first cousin, said to be the daughter of Terah's brother, Haran, and Hagar is not portrayed as Abraham's mistress but a second wife, eliminating the hostility that Sarah feels for Hagar during her pregnancy and toward Ishmael.

In the early and middle 20th century, leading archaeologists such as William F. Albright and biblical scholars such as Albrecht Alt believed that the patriarchs and matriarchs were either real individuals or believable composites of people who lived in the " patriarchal age ", the 2nd millennium BCE. But, in the s, new arguments concerning Israel's past and the biblical texts challenged these views; these arguments can be found in Thomas L.

Thompson, a literary scholar, based his argument on archaeology and ancient texts. His thesis centered on the lack of compelling evidence that the patriarchs lived in the 2nd millennium BCE, and noted how certain biblical texts reflected first millennium conditions and concerns. Van Seters examined the patriarchal stories and argued that their names, social milieu, and messages strongly suggested that they were Iron Age creations.

According to Genesis , in conversation with the Philistine king Abimelech of Gerar , Abraham reveals Sarah to be both his wife and his half-sister, stating that the two share a father but not a mother. She also would've been the aunt of Lot , Milcah , Iscah , and Bethuel , by both blood and marriage.

By her union with Abraham, she had one child, Isaac. In the Biblical narrative, Sarah is the wife of Abraham. In two places in the narrative he says Sarah is his sister Genesis through , in the encounter with Pharaoh, and Genesis 20, in the encounter with Abimelech.

Knowing Sarah to be a great beauty and fearing that the Pharaoh would kill Abraham to be with Sarah, Abraham asks Sarah to tell the Pharaoh that she is his sister Genesis 7. She was originally called "Sarai", a dialectal variant of "Sarah". In the narrative of the covenant of circumcision in Genesis 17, during which Yahweh promises Abram that he and Sarai will have a son, Abram is renamed as Abraham and Sarai is renamed as Sarah.

There are folk etymologies that explain their old and new names. Terah , with Abram as he was then called , Sarai and Lot , departed for Canaan , but stopped in a place named Haran , where Terah remained until he died at the age of Abram was 75 at this time. There was a severe famine in the land of Canaan, so Abram and Lot and their households travelled south to Egypt. On the journey to Egypt, Abram instructed Sarai to identify herself only as his sister, fearing that the Egyptians would kill him in order to take his wife, saying, "I know what a beautiful woman you are.

When the Egyptians see you, they will say, 'this is his wife. Say you are my sister, so that I will be treated well for your sake and my life will be spared because of you. It is possible that Sarai acquired her Egyptian handmaid Hagar during this stay.

However, God afflicted Pharaoh's household with great plagues. After having lived in Canaan for ten years and still childless, Sarai suggested that Abram have a child with her Egyptian handmaid Hagar, to which he agreed. This resulted in tension between Sarai and Hagar , and Sarai complained to her husband that the handmaid no longer respected her. She gave birth to Abram's son Ishmael when Abram was eighty-six years old.

God gave Sarai the new name "Sarah", and blessed her. Not long afterwards, Abraham and Sarah were visited by three men. One of the visitors told Abraham that upon his return next year, Sarah would have a son.

While at the tent entrance, Sarah overheard what was said, and she laughed to herself about the prospect of having a child at their ages. The visitor inquired of Abraham why Sarah laughed at the idea of bearing a child, for her age was as nothing to God. Sarah soon became pregnant and bore a son to Abraham, at the very time which had been spoken. The patriarch, then a hundred years old, named the child " Isaac " Hebrew yitschaq, "laughter" and circumcised him when he was eight days old.

It was during this banquet that Sarah happened upon the then teenaged Ishmael mocking [21] and was so disturbed that she requested that both he and Hagar be removed from their company. After being visited by the three men, Abraham and Sarah settled between Kadesh and Shur in the land of the Philistines.

While he was living in Gerar , Abraham again claimed that Sarah was his sister. King Abimelech subsequently had her brought to him. Later, God came to Abimelech in a dream and declared that taking her would result in death because she was a married woman.

Abimelech, who had not laid hands on her, inquired if he would also slay a righteous nation, especially since Abraham had claimed that he and Sarah were siblings. In response, God told Abimelech that he did indeed have a blameless heart and that was why he continued to exist. However, if he did not return Sarah to Abraham, God would surely destroy Abimelech and his entire household.

Abimelech was informed that Abraham was a prophet who would pray for him. Early next morning, Abimelech informed his servants of his dream and approached Abraham inquiring as to why he had brought such great guilt upon his kingdom. Abraham replied that he thought there was no fear of God in that place, and that they might kill him for his wife.

Then Abraham defended what he had said as not being a lie at all: "And yet indeed she is my sister; she is the daughter of my father, but not the daughter of my mother; and she became my wife. Further, Abimelech gave Abraham a thousand pieces of silver to serve as Sarah's vindication before all.

Abraham then prayed for Abimelech and his household, since God had stricken the women with infertility because of the taking of Sarah. Sarah dies at the age of , and Abraham buys a piece of land with a cave near Hebron for a very large fee from Ephron the Hittite in which to bury her, which is the first land owned by the Israelites in Canaan according to the biblical narrative.

The place became known as the Cave of the Patriarchs. Sarah is mentioned alongside Abraham in Isaiah :. The Talmud identifies Sarai with Iscah , daughter of Abraham's deceased brother Haran , [30] so that in this Sarah turns out to be the niece of Abraham and the sister of Lot and Milcah.

The fifth-century rabbinic midrash Genesis Rabbah dedicates a large amount of attention to Sarah in particular. This is marked break from the biblical and second Temple literature in which she plays a far more ancillary role.

When brought before Pharaoh, Sarah said that Abram was her brother, and the king thereupon bestowed upon the latter many presents and marks of distinction.

Pharaoh was so astonished at these blows that he spoke kindly to Sarai, who confessed that she was Abraham's wife. The king then ceased to annoy her.

In Genesis , God changes her name to Sarah princess "a woman of high rank" as part of the covenant with El Shaddai after Hagar bears Abram his first born son Ishmael. Sarai treated Hagar well, and induced women who came to visit her to visit Hagar also. Hagar, when pregnant by Abraham, began to act superciliously toward Sarai, provoking the latter to treat her harshly, to impose heavy work upon her, and even to strike her.

Abraham thereupon invited all the notabilities to a banquet on the day when Isaac was to be weaned. Sarah invited the women, also, who brought their infants with them; and on this occasion she gave milk from her breasts to all the strange children, thus convincing the guests of the miracle.

Legends connect Sarah's death with the attempted sacrifice of Isaac, [43] however, there are two versions of the story. According to one, Samael came to her and said: "Your old husband seized the boy and sacrificed him. The boy wailed and wept; but he could not escape from his father.

Believing it to be true, she cried bitterly, but soon comforted herself with the thought that the sacrifice had been offered at the command of God. She started from Beer-sheba to Hebron, asking everyone she met if he knew in which direction Abraham had gone. Then Satan came again in human shape and told her that it was not true that Isaac had been sacrificed, but that he was living and would soon return with his father. Sarah, on hearing this, died of joy at Hebron. Abraham and Isaac returned to their home at Beer-sheba, and, not finding Sarah there, went to Hebron, where they discovered her dead.

The First Epistle of Peter praises Sarah for obeying her husband. His son by the slave woman was born in the ordinary way; but his son by the free woman was born as the result of a promise. These things may be taken figuratively, for the women represent two covenants. One covenant is from Mount Sinai and bears children who are to be slaves: This is Hagar. Now Hagar stands for Mount Sinai and corresponds to the present city of Jerusalem, because she is in slavery with her children.

But the Jerusalem that is above is free, and she is our mother Now you, brothers, like Isaac, are children of promise Therefore, brothers, we are not children of the slave woman, but of the free woman. In Islam, she is the cousin of Abraham rather than sister due to Haran being her father who was a cousin to Terah. Abraham, however, prayed constantly to God for a child.

Set all the balls in the middle again. Do you think that Europeans created Christianity? And we don't have to be afraid of anything, either, because we know that God is always with us and can protect us. God helped him. Sarah waited 90 years to have a baby. When Ally was finished, she asked, Alicia, "What do you think?

Sarai the wife of abraham

Sarai the wife of abraham. How old was Sarah when she gave birth to Isaac?

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Sarah - Wikipedia

Here are five fast facts about Sarah that will provide an added depth the next time you read Genesis. When God approached Abraham and Sarah about giving birth to a son, both laughed hysterically.

Abraham and Sarah were quite old when Sarah was pregnant. There was no natural way possible that they could conceive a child. Shall Sarah, who is ninety years old, bear a child? Sarah lived to be years old and her burial is the first one to be mentioned in the Bible.

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Editor's choice. Toggle navigation. Daniel Esparza. Cerith Gardiner. Zelda Caldwell. Dolors Massot. Philip Kosloski. Philip Kosloski Jan 20, How old was Sarah when she gave birth to Isaac? After Eve, the next woman mentioned by name in the Bible is Sarah, the wife of Abraham.

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Sarai the wife of abraham

Sarai the wife of abraham