Varicose veins are swollen, twisted, and enlarged veins that you can see under the skin. They are often red or blue in color. They most often appear in the legs, but can occur in other parts of the body. Normally, one-way valves in your leg veins keep blood moving up toward the heart. When the valves do not work properly, they allow blood to back up into the vein.
Blood is therefore prevented from Swollen vein in your calf that portion of the vein and is forced to flow through other, healthier veins. How can we improve this page? Increased pressure in the veins may cause varicose veins. In addition to a complete medical history and physical exam, diagnostic procedures for varicose veins may include:. In Figure Bthe varicose vein has a faulty valve, the walls of the vein are thin and stretched. For most yoir, varicose veins don't present a serious health problem.
Effective herbal penis enlqrgement. When to see your GP
Prescription medications are a likely route. You will probably also see visible swollen veins, particularly in your legs. You should talk to your doctor about using these treatments as well, making sure that your dosage is right and that they don't interact with other medications you may be taking. He received his B. The lower leg itself, referring to the area between the ankle and knee, is composed mainly of muscles lying yourr two thin but very strong long bones known as the tibia and Imbreads haveing sex. It may present as pitting or non-pitting edema depending on the cause. Find ways to add walking into your daily routine, such as during meetings or water and coffee breaks. Swelling of the more superficial muscles youur the back of the lower leg — gastrocnemius or soleus — is more likely to contribute to visible swelling. Limit Swollrn sizes and get a good balance of foods. Suggested Swollen vein in your calf. The contraction of skeletal muscle in the legs will help blood flow back into ccalf heart and through the rest of your body, putting less pressure on the veins Swollen vein in your calf your legs. The calf is located in the lower portion of the leg and consists of muscles and tendons that connect between the knee and ankle.
Back to Health A to Z.
- While staying active is important for a healthy lifestyle, studies show that you can improve the health of your veins and circulation with one simple move: elevate your legs.
- You may feel self-conscious, not wanting others to see them.
- By Shawn Radcliffe.
- Swollen Calf Symptom Checker.
- A swollen calf is swelling at the back of the lower leg.
- Show less
They happen when faulty valves in the veins allow blood to flow in the wrong direction or to pool. More than 23 percent of all adults are thought to be affected by varicose veins. Approximately 1 in 4 adults in the United States is affected by varicose veins. Varicose veins are large, swollen veins that often appear on the legs and feet. They happen when the valves in the veins do not work properly, so the blood does not flow effectively.
The veins rarely need treatment for health reasons, but if swelling, aching, and painful legs result, and if there is considerable discomfort, treatment is available. In severe cases, a varicose vein may rupture, or develop into varicose ulcers on the skin.
These will require treatment. If the patient has no symptoms or discomfort and is not bothered by the sight of the varicose veins, treatment might not be necessary. However, if there are symptoms, treatment may be required to reduce pain or discomfort, address complications, such as leg ulcers, skin discoloration, or swelling. Some patients may also want treatment for cosmetic reasons - they want to get rid of the "ugly" varicose veins.
If varicose veins are large, they may need to be removed surgically. This is usually done under general anesthetic. In most cases, the patient can go home the same day - if surgery is required on both legs, they may need to spend one night in hospital. Laser treatments are often used to close off smaller veins, and also spider veins.
Strong bursts of light are applied to the vein, which gradually fades and disappears. Two incisions are made, one near the patient's groin at the top of the target vein, and the other is made further down the leg, either at the ankle or knee.
The top of the vein is tied up and sealed. A thin, flexible wire is threaded through the bottom of the vein and then pulled out, taking the vein with it.
This procedure does not usually require a hospital stay. Ligation and stripping can sometimes result in bruising, bleeding, and pain. In extremely rare occasions, there may be deep vein thrombosis. After surgery, most patients will need weeks to recover before going back to work and other normal duties. During recovery time, compression stockings are worn. A chemical is injected into small and medium-sized varicose veins, which scars and closes them.
A few weeks later, they should fade. A vein may need to be injected more than once. A small incision is made either above or below the knee, and with the help of an ultrasound scan; a narrow tube catheter is threaded into the vein.
The doctor inserts a probe into the catheter, which emits radiofrequency energy. The radiofrequency energy heats up the vein, causing its walls to collapse, effectively closing it and sealing it shut. This procedure is preferred for larger varicose veins. Radiofrequency ablation is usually done with a local anesthetic. A catheter is inserted into the patient's vein. A small laser is threaded through the catheter and positioned at the top of the target vein; it delivers short energy bursts that heat up the vein, sealing it shut.
With the aid of an ultrasound scan, the doctor threads the laser all the way up the vein, gradually burning and sealing all of it. This procedure is done under local anesthetic. There may be some nerve injury, which is usually brief. An endoscopic transilluminator special light is threaded through an incision under the skin so that the doctor can see which veins need to be taken out.
The target veins are cut and removed with a suction device through the incision. A general or local anesthetic may be used for this procedure.
There may be some bleeding and bruising after the operation. In the majority of cases, there is no pain, but signs and symptoms of varicose veins may include:. Any condition in which proper blood flow is undermined has a risk of complications. However, in the majority of cases, varicose veins have no complications.
If complications do occur, they may include:. People with chronic venous insufficiency may develop varicose eczema, lipodermatosclerosis hard and tight skin , and venous ulcers. Venous ulcers classically form around ankles and are often preceded by a discolored area.
It is important to get medical evaluation for chronic venous insufficiency. The veins have one-way valves so that the blood can travel in only one direction. If the walls of the vein become stretched and less flexible elastic , the valves may get weaker. A weakened valve can allow blood to leak backward and eventually flow in the opposite direction. When this occurs, blood can accumulate in the vein s , which then become enlarged and swollen.
The veins furthest from the heart are most often affected, such as those in the legs. This is because gravity makes it harder for blood to flow back to the heart. Any condition that puts pressure on the abdomen has the potential to cause varicose veins; for instance, pregnancy, constipation and, in rare cases, tumors.
Experts are not sure why the walls of veins stretch or why the valves become faulty. In many cases, it occurs for no clear reason. However, some potential risk factors include:. The following risk factors are linked to a higher risk of having varicose veins:. Women are much more likely to develop varicose veins during their pregnancy than at any other time in their lives.
Pregnant women have much more blood in their body; this places extra pressure on the circulatory system. Additionally, changes in hormone levels can lead to a relaxation of the blood vessel walls. Both these factors raise the risk of having varicose veins. As the uterus womb grows, there is more pressure on the veins in the mother's pelvic area. In the majority of cases, the varicose veins go away after the pregnancy is over; this is not always the case, and sometimes, even if the varicose veins improve, there may be some left visible.
These can help soothe pain, and improve comfort and they may improve the general appearance of varicose veins. Compression stockings squeeze the patient's legs and improve circulation.
They work are tight around the ankles and loose further up the leg. In this way, compression stockings encourage proper blood flow upwards, against gravity and back towards the heart. Compression stockings may help with discomfort, pain, and swelling, but research has not confirmed whether they stop the varicose veins from worsening, or even prevent them. Studies have had mixed and conflicting results. The stockings make some people's skin dry and flaky.
If this happens, it is important to tell a doctor. A physical examination, mainly visual, by a doctor will decide whether or not a patient has varicose veins.
The patient will be asked to stand while the doctor checks for signs of swelling. The patient may also be asked questions about the symptoms. In some cases, a doctor might refer the patient to a vascular specialist. Table of contents What are varicose veins? Fast facts on varicose veins Pregnant women are more susceptible to varicose veins. Symptoms can include aching legs, swollen ankles, and spider veins.
People who are overweight have an increased risk of varicose veins. An example of varicose veins in the leg. Should I worry about a telangiectasia? Spider veins are small, widened veins that appear under the skin in some people.
Find out more. Figure A shows a normal vein with a properly working valve. In Figure B , the varicose vein has a faulty valve, the walls of the vein are thin and stretched.
Remember, you may not necessarily need surgery to get varicose veins treatment. You may have read news stories about women suffering from leg swelling and nerve compression due to ill-fitting jeans that hugged their calves too tightly. References Foot, leg, and ankle swelling. The contraction of skeletal muscle in the legs will help blood flow back into your heart and through the rest of your body, putting less pressure on the veins in your legs. Talk to your doctor about sclerotherapy. This causes serious damage to the muscles and other tissues within the compartment. While you have your feet up, do something productive about your leg problems.
Swollen vein in your calf. Causes of Bulging Veins
Shapers can also decrease your circulation, which may cause blood clots, swollen ankles or varicose veins. While we would recommend embracing your shape without a constrictive garment, if you must wear a shaper, be sure to offset the impact of it each day. It helps to elevate your legs at the end of the day and to remove the shaper garment when you get home in the evening.
Better yet you should consider the purchase of a medical grade, and professionally fitted compression garment. If you wear high heels , then you are abusing your legs and veins for the sake of fashion.
High heels shift your weight to the balls of your feet and cause the calf muscles to stay contracted. Both effects inhibit your venous circulation by altering the foot and calf pump which normally propel most of the venous blood out of the legs.
As a result, if you wear them a lot, you increase your risks of developing spider veins and varicose veins. After a long day in heels, get those heels off and elevate your legs. Remember reducing the number of days and hours in heels in favor fashionable flats may be a healthier choice for you.
Carrying too much weight is bad for you in so many ways. It can negatively affect your venous circulation creating excess pressure for the venous flow to overcome increasing your risk for developing venous disease. Excess weight is hard on your joints, too. Every pound of weight you gain adds 4 pounds of pressure to your knees. For some people, this results in arthritis in addition to stiffness, pain and joint swelling.
For example, tendons may start to have problems. They can become inflamed, which results in tendonitis. In these cases, leg elevation is essential, but even more important is to lose weight. Lift them three or four times a day, and try to keep them elevated for about 10 to 15 minutes.
This can cause leg pain, bruising, spider veins, and nerve damage to the area. Stretching and exercise can also help with leg swelling and varicose veins. Make sure you pump your calves regularly throughout the day and consider incorporating a stretching routine such as pilates or yoga. This will help elevate your legs for immediate relief while you stretch and work your muscles for improved long-term circulation.
Find ways to add walking into your daily routine, such as during meetings or water and coffee breaks. Invest in high-quality compression garments to encourage healthy circulation in your legs no matter where you are.
Ask us about our stylish compression gear, including leggings, hosiery, and socks, included in our new rewards program for compression items to help you save on healthy, fashionable compression items at Vein Specialists of the South. While you have your feet up, do something productive about your leg problems. Whether you are working at a desk, sitting in a car, riding in an airplane, or spending a lot of your day sitting down at home, make sure you stretch a few times a day.
Sitting all day can cause your veins to become swollen because of decreased blood circulation. There are several good stretches you can do, even while sitting down. Curl your toes so that they are pointing towards you and hold this position for 30 seconds. You should feel a stretch in your calf muscles, however, do not stretch so much that you feel pain. Point your toes away from you and hold this position for 30 seconds.
You will feel a stretch in the front leg but make sure that there is no feeling of pain. Stretch your chest a couple times a day. Your legs are not the only thing that need to be stretched.
This chest stretch helps your chest muscles and strengthens your back muscles to combat poor posture. Having good posture helps to keep your blood flowing smoothly throughout your body. Sit up tall in your chair. Imagine that there are strings from the ceiling that are pulling your chest upward. Interlock your fingers, and turn your palms toward the ceiling. Lift up your chin, tilt your head back, and gaze at the ceiling. Take a deep breath in this position, exhale, and release. Take advantage of any breaks that come during the day.
Whether you are sitting at your desk for work, or in the car for a long ride, look for chances to get up from sitting. While in the car, use trips to the gas station, bathroom breaks, even sightseeing to get up and stretch for a bit.
Just a little break from sitting can be helpful for the veins in your legs. When you are at work, look for excuses to get up during the day. When you go to lunch, walk somewhere for food instead of just sitting at your desk.
Maybe get up and go to the bathroom once during the flight as well. Method 3. Know the symptoms of swollen veins. If you are suffering from these symptoms, this can be a sign you should start treatment and maybe contact a doctor.
The sooner you take action, the quicker you can get relief. Symptoms of swollen veins only occur in the area where the swollen vein exists. You will probably also see visible swollen veins, particularly in your legs.
Avoid standing for long periods. This causes strain on your legs, which can lead to pain and poor blood flow. Find ways to take a break and sit down for a while, breaking up the time when you are standing. Keep them raised when possible, which will let the blood flow away from them. If possible, probably while lying down, raise your legs above your heart level to further reduce blood flow. Avoid sitting with your legs crossed at the level of your knees.
Sitting in this position will lead to a restriction of your blood flow. Your restricted blood flow can cause the lower veins to dilate because the venous drainage to the heart is restricted.
Look for workouts that helps to stimulate your legs muscles. The contraction of skeletal muscle in the legs will help blood flow back into your heart and through the rest of your body, putting less pressure on the veins in your legs. Swimming, in particular, is good because it keeps your body horizontal, which means that your blood is less likely to accumulate in your legs and cause your veins to become swollen.
Lose some weight. If you are overweight, you should consider losing some weight to help treat your swollen veins. When you are overweight, more pressure is put on your lower body, including your legs and feet. This can cause more blood to go to that area, which can lead to swollen veins.
To best lose weight, find ways to control your diet. Limit portion sizes and get a good balance of foods. Look for lean proteins, low-fat dairy, whole grain cereals and fibers, healthy oils, and fresh fruits and vegetables.
Avoid eating sweets, fried or processed meals, and foods high in trans or hydrogenated fats. She can tell you if they are realistic or manageable, and can provide additional guidance to help you reach them. Your doctor can also help you create a diet plan that takes into account any medications you are taking. Quit smoking.
Aside from being generally unhealthy for you, smoking can also increase pressure in your veins. Some substances in cigarette smoke have very negative effects on your blood vessels, including the venous walls. It is better to stop smoking so that your veins will not become too dilated, leading to swelling. Method 4. Talk to your doctor about sclerotherapy. This is a relatively painless procedure that injects a liquid chemical or saline solution into your veins to close them off, causing them to disappear.
These are good for smaller varicose or spider veins. It may take several treatments, done every four to six weeks. After treatment, your legs will probably be wrapped with elastic bandaging to decrease swelling. It uses a very fine needle to inject the liquid chemical into the veins. Consider laser therapy.
This procedure is generally only used for small varicose veins. A laser will be applied to your skin near the swollen vein. It generates energy to heat the venous tissue, destroying all blood elements nearby. After that, the swollen vein will be obstructed, closed, and, after some time, reabsorbed by your body. Learn more about ablation. Venous ablation uses intense heat to treat your veins, and can be performed either using radio-frequency or laser technology energy.
Your doctor will puncture the vein, thread a catheter into the vein up to your groin, then send heat through it. This heat will close off and destroy the vein, and it will disappear over time.
Discuss getting an ambulatory phlebectomy. This is a surgical procedure in which the doctor will make small cuts in your skin to remove small veins. He will then use small hooks to pull the vein out of your leg. This procedure is good for spider veins and other small veins. The doctor will only numb the area around the vein, so you will remain awake during the procedure. You may experience some slight bruising.
Phlebectomy procedures may be done along with other procedures, including ablation. Your doctor will know if it is useful to do the treatments together. Talk to your doctor about vein stripping. This is an invasive procedure for dealing with problem veins, and is usually done only for severe cases of varicose veins.
Varicose veins: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia
Bulging veins are a common symptom of several conditions such as pregnancy, thrombophlebitis, and old age. They often come in the form of varicose veins and spider veins and usually appear in the legs. These veins can be swollen, distorted, dilated, and discolored.
Healthy veins have valves that keep blood from flowing down as it is pumped up through the leg. Bulging veins occur when these valves malfunction and allow blood to flow backward and pool into the vein. They can be caused by a number of conditions that affect the vein directly or not.
For example, bulging veins are often caused by swollen veins or thrombophlebitis, but they can also be caused by more general states of being such as pregnancy, old age, obesity, or lack of movement. Other causes of bulging veins could include blood clots, abdominal tumors, low body fat, or genetics.
There are an array of symptoms that can let you know you might have bulging veins. Bulging veins in the legs can cause:. They can also go along with symptoms of other conditions that impact different areas of the body. You may experience symptoms of diabetes, for example, with skin ulcers near the feet, damage to blood vessels, or wounds that heal slowly. Other symptoms of pregnancy, obesity, or thrombophlebitis could also indicate bulging veins. Sometimes, bulging veins can be a sign of a more serious medical condition.
Seek immediate medical attention if you experience sores or ulcers on your ankles, thickening of the skin around your calf and ankle, warmth and redness in the leg, bleeding from an injury to your vein, or a pulling feeling in your leg. These could be symptoms of life-threatening conditions such as blood clots, tumors, or infections.
In early stages, bulging veins may be treated with compression socks and exercise. This may also help future bulging veins from forming. More serious cases of bulging veins should be treated by a doctor. Common treatments include different therapies, medicines, and procedures, and are often minimally invasive. Leaving bulging veins untreated increases your risk of potential complications such as skin ulcerations, blood clots, and increased swelling and pain. Reduce your chances of forming bulging veins by keeping your body healthy.
Exercise regularly and monitor your weight. This will ensure proper circulation and help you avoid putting too much pressure on your legs. Avoid crossing your legs or wearing high heels for long periods of time. This will help your blood flow through your veins properly.
Maintain a healthy, low-salt diet rich in fiber. Though not all bulging veins can be avoided, following these tips will reduce your chances and keep you healthy. Any and all information in the is article should not be treated as such.
Please consult your physician for further information. Symptoms of Bulging Veins Posted October 7th, Bulging veins are a common symptom of several conditions such as pregnancy, thrombophlebitis, and old age.
Causes Healthy veins have valves that keep blood from flowing down as it is pumped up through the leg. Symptoms There are an array of symptoms that can let you know you might have bulging veins. Treatment In early stages, bulging veins may be treated with compression socks and exercise. Prevention Reduce your chances of forming bulging veins by keeping your body healthy.